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TN-EPPC at Twenty: A Look Back, A Vision Forward — Conference Feb. 27, 2015

Join us for TN-EPPC’s 20th Anniversary Conference Friday, Feb. 27, 2015, 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. CST. The conference will take place where it all began in 1994, Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art’s Botanic Hall. We are pleased to have as our keynote speaker Dan Simberloff, the Gore Hunger Professor of Environmental Science in the Ecology and Evolutionary Biology Department at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville and a renown researcher on invasion biology. In addition, the agenda includes a slate of presenters with short programs on topics such as national EPPC standards, economic costs of invasive species, invasion and management trends, and cooperative partnership models. We’ll also take a quick look at TN-EPPC’s history and invite attendees to help us plan our future. Tennessee Department of Agriculture has assigned five pesticide applicator points to the conference in categories 2, 3, 6, 10, and 12. Conference doors open at 8:00 a.m.

On Thursday, Feb. 26, in conjunction with the conference, Invasive Plant Control (IPC) will host a hike of the Warner Parks’ Hill Property, an urban old-growth forest now a state natural area, and a social with light hors d’oeuvres and drinks. Two one-hour hikes are scheduled at 4:00 and 5:00 p.m. (limited to 20 people each), and the social will continue until 7:00 p.m.

Online registration is now open. Conference fees are $40 for TN-EPPC members and $50 for non-members (price includes a year’s membership). Invasive Plant Control is generously underwriting the conference cost for all students (must present a valid school ID at the door). Lunch is included in the conference fee. When registering, please be sure to check if you’d like a vegetarian meal and if you will be attending the hike and/or social. Registration will remain open through the day of the conference, with on-site registration (using the online form) available, but we encourage registration before Feb. 16 to assist planning and insure lunch preferences are honored.

Download this map and directions to IPC and Cheekwood, which includes suggestions on accommodations if needed.

TN-EPPC could like to thank Cheekwood Botanical Garden and Museum of Art and Invasive Plant Control for their generous sponsorship in making this conference and social possible.

The TN-EPPC conference is one of several invasive plant awareness events scheduled in the Nashville area February 27 and 28. The Garden Club of Nashville, IPC, and several parks/nature centers are hosting a “Weed Wrangle” Feb. 28, 2015, to remove non-native invasive species from area green spaces.

Pollinator Health Listening Sessions & Comments

On June 20, 2014, President Obama issued a directive to federal agencies to create a federal strategy to promote honey bee and other pollinator health. The Pollinator Health Task Force is soliciting input on best management practices including pesticide risk mitigation, public-private partnerships, research, education opportunities, pollinator habitat improvements, and other actions that should be considered in developing a federal strategy to reverse pollinator losses and help restore populations to healthy levels. EPA and USDA will host two listening sessions: Nov 12, 2014 1-3 PM EST and Nov 17, 2014 1-3PM EST.

Instructions for webinar participation are available prior to first listening session.

Written comments are due November 24, 2014. Follow the online instructions for submission at Federal eRulemaking Portal. Use ID No. EPA-HQ-OPP-2014-0806. Send via US Postal Service: OPP Docket, EPA/DC 28221T, 1200 Pennsylvania Ave, NW, Washington, DC 20460-0001

For further info contact: Joseph Nevola, Pesticide Re-Evaluation Div (7508P), Office of Pesticide Programs, EPA (703) 308-8037

TN-EPPC Board Meeting

The next board meeting is Feb. 26, 2015, 2:00 p.m. CST, at Invasive Plant Control office in Nashville, TN.

TN-EPPC is now on Twitter!

Can’t live without constant updates on invasive plants taking over Tennessee? Here’s your fix! Follow TN-EPPC on Twitter. Just click the the little blue birdie under the Alert List box on the right. All the news we have — good, bad, and ugly — will come your way!

News

Interesting articles on invasive species and management

CompassLive — An online venue by the USDA Forest Service Southern Research Station features recent work within the 13 southern states. This article summarizes a review of the 56 most threatening invasive species and links to the full journal article.

CompassLive — This article details the return of native species, plant and animal, in test plots where privet was removed.

The Sewanee Plant Press — In the current issue (Vol. 18, No. 3, Summer 2014), management of invasive plants on the grounds of the University of the South is discussed.

Boot Brush Interpretive Signs in Oak Ridge

Eagle Scout Gerrit Dolislager and his father with one of the boot brush signs Gerrit built for the ORNL greenway.

Eagle scout candidate, Gerrit Dolislager, from Troop 46 (Knoxville, TN) completed an invasive plant educational awareness project as part of fulfilling his eagle scout badge. Invasive plant informational signs, constructed by Gerrit, were installed early 2013 at three entrances to the North Boundary Road Greenway on the Oak Ridge Reservation (Oak Ridge, TN). Each sign includes a boot brush for use before and after walking the greenway to remove invasive plant seeds or materials that may have attached to shoes or boots. Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, a partner in the project, provided all the materials.

Gerrit chose this project after scout leaders recommended he do something a bit different. He says, “I wanted to do something other than building benches…something that would be informational and serve a greater purpose. These signs can inform people who use these trails about something that they can do to help the local environment.” The project was endorsed by TN-EPPC.

Gerrit’s sign follows a design by John Odell of the Appalachian Trail Conservancy. These signs have been erected along the A.T. by the Southern Appalachian Cooperative Weed Management Partnership. Visit our Initiatives page to find out more information and download sign construction plans.

TN-EPPC’s Cost of Invasive Exotic Plants in Tennessee Research Results

Alix Pfennigwerth, our Research Intern, led a project to help TN-EPPC estimate the cost of invasive plant management to the state. She developed the survey protocol and gathered data on how much federal and state agencies, non-profit organizations, and private landowners spend on managing invasive plant species in the state of Tennessee.

Why estimate cost?

While many non-native plants serve as viable commodities in the nursery and landscaping trade, many of these plant species, such as English ivy, privet, and periwinkle cultivars, may become invasive in our state’s landscape, crowding out native plant diversity and turning an aesthetic landscape into a management nightmare. In 2011, the TN-EPPC board sought a grant from the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council to fund a study of the direct economic impacts of invasive plants in the state of Tennessee to help address this conflict between economic viability and economic cost.

Invasive plants cost the state of Tennessee at least $2.6 million annually

This figure represents the minimum amount of money spent in our state on invasive plant-targeted control (biological, chemical, and mechanical), mapping, and outreach. We know this is a conservative estimate of the total cost of invasive plants to the state because this study takes into account only one side of the equation: the direct costs. In addition to these direct impacts, invasive plants have quite a large indirect economic impact. Invasive plants influence ecosystem services and land value by decreasing native plant diversity, crowding out wildlife habitat, degrading wildland recreation potential, and lowering property values.

Estimating the total economic impact of invasive plants is extremely difficult. Federal and academic researchers have attempted to place a monetary value on total cost of damages caused by invasive plants on a national scale. Estimates range from $603 million to $25 billion annually ($603 million, Office of Technology Assessment 1993; $25 billion, Pimentel et al. 2005). In 2008, The California Invasive Plant Council estimated that invasive plants cost their state roughly $82 million annually (Brusati 2009). The U.S. Office of General Accounting (2002) recognized that many economic analyses focus on the impacts of invasive species on “commercial activities” such as agriculture, forestry, and fisheries, rather than on the impact on “natural area ecosystems.” We thus chose to focus primarily on the cost of invasive plants on managed natural lands.

How we estimated cost

While studies mentioned above utilize large-scale information analyses to develop national estimates of invasive species impacts, we gathered our data by surveying land managers across the state that work with invasive plant species to some extent. We gathered information from federal agencies (i.e. National Park Service, US Fish and Wildlife Service), state agencies (i.e. TN Wildlife Resources Agencies, TN Department of Environment and Conservation), nonprofits (i.e. nature centers and advocacy groups), and private commercial property managers. Tallying the total expenditures on invasive plants of a given agency is often not as easy as reading a budget line; in fact, most agencies are not required to explicitly track spending on invasive plant management. Because of this, we asked land managers to provide their best estimate of expenditures on a yearly basis.

We sent our survey to nearly 200 agencies and organizations working in Tennessee. Our resulting figure of $2.6 million in expenditures represents the responses received in the survey and is detailed in the fact sheet below. Other invasive plant organizations interested in conducting a similar study, may download a “how-to” handbook on developing and implementing a cost assessment survey.

TN-EPPC Invasive Costs Fact Sheet Summary
How to Develop and Implement a Cost-Assessment Survey

Nolichucky Report

A report of the 2012 Purple Loosestrife inventory project along the Nolichucky River in East Tennessee is available. Click Nolichucky Inventory to download a copy.

IPC Webinars

Invasive Plant Control, Inc., is hosting a free series of invasive species management webinars. To gain access to the schedule, visit their website and click on the IPC Web Solutions icon to view the calendar of upcoming webinars with their respective dates and times. More information about each topic can be viewed by clicking on the title. Upcoming discussions include weed wash systems, post invasive-removal planning, and native alternatives for invasive ornamentals.

USFS Native Plant Policy

This USFS link connects to the newly published USDA Forest Service Native Plant Materials Policy, A Strategic Framework, September 2012.

US Forest Service Invasive Management Directive

The US Forest Service has just published a “national-level direction on the management of invasive species across aquatic and terrestrial areas of the National Forest System.” According to US Forest Service Chief Tom Tidwell, “Invasive species cost the American public an estimated $138 billion each year. They deplete water supplies, destroy recreation opportunities and damage landscapes across the country. We are taking this bold approach to better protect our nation’s forest and water resources from the threat of invasive species.” The Forest Service has had an invasive species program, but this policy “adds new requirements for agency-wide integration of invasive species prevention, early detection and rapid response, control, restoration, and collaborative activities across all National Forest System lands.” This will allow them to “more effectively manage invasive species in the context of environmental issues such as adaptation to climate change, increasing wildfire risk, watershed restoration, fragmentation of habitats, loss of biodiversity, and human health concerns,” says USDA Undersecretary Harris Sherman. Download the new Forest Service Invasive Species Management Policy.

TN-EPPC’s Potentials List

TN-EPPC is assembling a list of potentially invasive nonnative plants not currently recognized in Tennessee. We encourage people to report any sightings of Elaeagnus multiflora, Ficaria verna, Youngia japonica, and Paederia foetida to EDDMapS. These species will be examined for addition to TN-EPPC’s Invasive Exotic Pest Plant List at the next revision. Contact us with any additional species recommendations for the Potential Invasive Species Watch List on our Initiatives page.

Japanese Chaff Flower Watch

Flood waters can spread invasive species. Plants such as Achyranthes japonica, Japanese chaff flower, could move downstream from its current center of infestation in Kentucky & West Virginia. Mississippi Embayment states, including West Tennessee, are asked to be on alert for occurrences of this plant in bottomland forests and along riparian corridors. Detailed plant information and photos are available by clicking on the plant name in the adjacent Alert box.

Download the Wildland Weeds Insert of TN-EPPC’s Revised Plant List

TN-EPPC Plant List from Wildland Weeds

TN-EPPC in Tennessee

Our mission is to improve public awareness of the serious threats invasive pest plants pose to natural areas and provide solutions to manage those threats. TN-EPPC is a chapter member of the Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Council and the national organization, National Association of Exotic Pest Plant Councils.

Become a Member of TN-EPPC.

Wildland Weeds Available Online

Wildland Weeds, the official quarterly publication of the Florida and Southeast Exotic Pest Plant Councils and all affiliated chapters, is now available online, including all back issues dating to 1997. Articles cover current research, invasive plant biology, ecology and control methodology, taxonomy, impacts of exotic pest plants, and case studies. Wildland Weeds Library

Report Invasive Plants

Invasive Species Alert List

These are plant species for which more information is needed to determine their invasiveness in the state. Some may not yet occur in Tennessee but are found in nearby states. These species have invasive characteristics such as rapid growth and high fruit/seed production and are known to be invasive in similar habitats to those found in Tennessee or are listed as a severe threat in adjacent states or pose substantial management difficulties where they occur. Through this list, TN-EPPC hopes to gather information about their spread in the state. Contact us to Report Invasive Plant if these species are sighted.